Pediatrics

Paediatrics is a medical discipline focused on individuals from birth to the end of adolescence. The care of paediatric patients is different to that of adults, as many drugs are processed differently in these two groups. Growth and development are also more important in paediatric patients than in adults.

The body size differences are paralleled by maturation changes. The smaller body of an infant or neonate is substantially different physiologically from that of an adult. Congenital defects, genetic variance, and developmental issues are of greater concern to pediatricians than they often are to adult physicians. The clinician must take into account the immature physiology of the infant or child when considering symptoms, prescribing medications, and diagnosing illnesses.

A major difference between the practice of paediatric and adult medicine is that children, in most jurisdictions and with certain exceptions, cannot make decisions for themselves. The issues of guardianship, privacy, legal responsibility and informed consent must always be considered in every pediatric procedure. Pediatricians often have to treat the parents and sometimes, the family, rather than just the child. Consult with the best pediatricians in Channasandra today.

Pediatricians in Channasandra

Neonatology

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or require special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia or birth asphyxia.

Subspecialties of pediatrics include:

  • Adolescent medicine
  • Child abuse pediatrics
  • Clinical informatics
  • Developmental-behavioral pediatrics
  • Genetics
  • Headache medicine
  • Hospice and palliative care
  • Medical toxicology
  • Neonatology
  • Pain medicine
  • Pediatric allergy and immunology
  • Pediatric emergency medicine
  • Pediatric endocrinology
  • Pediatric cardiology
    • Pediatric cardiac critical care
  • Pediatric critical care
    • Neurocritical care
    • Pediatric cardiac critical care
  • Pediatric gastroenterology
    • Transplant hepatology
  • Pediatric hematology
  • Pediatric infectious disease
  • Pediatric nephrology
  • Pediatric oncology
    • Pediatric neuro-oncology
  • Pediatric pulmonology
    • Sleep medicine
  • Pediatric rheumatology